The drawbacks of necessary food safety procedure
Food safety standards are important to keep our food safe, from animal breeding through slaughter and final serving. The traditional practice of food safety procedures has been highly challenged to keep up with the increasing demands in food supply. Chemical detergents have been an important agent against microbes all through the supply chain, however, the negative long-term effects have received very little attention. Whether they are authorized to be used directly on food products or on food contact surfaces, the effect from such chemical detergents or antimicrobials are far more serious than anticipated.
Scientist are expressing concern regarding the use and misuse of antimicrobials which can potentially lead to highly skilled evolved bacteria that can tolerate high amounts of chemical detergents as well as becoming resistant to antibiotics all in one single cellular system. Microorganism including pathogens can mediate such unique skills through several types of survival mechanism and they can pass on these information to others as well.
The most conspicuous examples of determinants conferring cross-resistance to different antibiotics are multidrug resistance (MDR) efflux pumps. These transporters are present in all organisms, including pathogens. The efflux pump can actively extrude a variety of compounds including antimicrobials, antibiotics, detergents and a large variety of non-antimicrobial substances.